There is no definitive cure for arthritis. In general, medications help reduce the symptoms of inflammation, such as pain and swelling, or act directly at the source of inflammatory processes to slow the progression of the disease.
If the medications are no longer effective and the loss of function of a joint is important, the doctor may suggest surgery for reconstruction or replacement of the joint. See the factsheets in our Arthritis Special Section for an overview of the medical treatments specific to each type of arthritis.
No alternative or traditional approach could claim to treat arthritis completely, so mistrust is warranted by promises of “miraculous healing.” Complementary approaches can, however, help relieve symptoms. This is the case, for example, glucosamine to alleviate the pain related to osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis and arthritis are two diseases of the rheumatism family. But do not confuse them: arthritis is an inflammation of the joints, while osteoarthritis is a so-called “mechanical” disease. We explain to you.
Not easy to differentiate osteoarthritis from arthritis. And for good reason: these two pathologies belong to the family of rheumatism, they both concern the joints and also cause sometimes disabling pain. However, they are indeed different: osteoarthritis is a so-called “mechanical” pathology while arthritis is an articular inflammation . The physical and biological signs, causes and treatments of these two pathologies are therefore very different.
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Arthritis: an inflammation of the joint
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joint, which causes the secretion of quinines, substances that gradually destroy the joint. It causes pain especially at rest (especially at night), and may decrease during physical activity or “rustling” morning. It mainly concerns the joints of the hands and feet.
Arthritis can have an infectious cause (septic arthritis), immune ( rheumatoid arthritis ) or even metabolic (gout). The deformation of the joint is called “hot” because it is accompanied by physical signs such as redness or local warming.
How is it treated?
The treatment of arthritis aims to target the cause of the disease. Antibiotics are therefore prescribed in the case of arthritis of an infectious nature, biotherapies (based on the use of living microorganisms or substances taken from living organisms) are put in place for immune arthritis, and abnormalities Biological agents are treated in arthritis of metabolic origin.
How is it treated?
The main aim of the treatment is to reduce the risk factor, for example with a diet for obesity, or preventive surgery in the case of an anatomical anomaly. However, once installed, osteoarthritis requires a heavier treatment, with an intake of analgesics, anti-inflammatories and anti-osteoarthritis. To delay the placement of a prosthesis and relieve the patient, hyaluronic acid infiltrations may also be prescribed to strengthen the cartilage. And if intense sport is to be avoided, the practice of moderate physical activity remains important to avoid weight gain that weighs on the joint and accelerates the phenomenon of osteoarthritis.